DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY

 

ASSIGNMENT 7 – COMPOSITION, HARMONY, & BALANCE IN B &W OR COLOR

 

FEATURED DIGITAL  ARTIST:

Canadian professional digital photographer Colleen Dagnall's web site shows a superb and wide variety of commercial photographs that demonstrate excellence in composition, harmony and balance in all elements

of varied subject matter.  Notice the classy, sophisticated and beautifully designed web site accompanied by a traditional photographer's sound which enhance the presentation of her imagery.  http://www.colleendagnall.com/

 

INTRODUCTION:   

 

From now on your work can be produced either in color or black and white.

 

Composition is the way in which two or three-dimensional surfaces are designed by the artist or photographer.  Composition is the way in which positive space and negative space are used in a work of art.  What is positive

space?  What is negative space? 

 

The principles of composition are also known as the principles of design and the principles of art.  These rules

are guiding concepts that enable you to improve the look and quality of your art.  The first goal of a design is

that it achieves Unity.  When the composition of a work of art is just right so that nothing needs to be taken

away or added to it without making it less than it is, the work has unity.  The total picture is balanced and is

satisfying. Check out these 4 images which demonstrate unity in composition.

                    

SOURCES:  http://myhtpc.net/images/backgrounds/full/Unity.jpg, http://www.caravan.net/yayu/yamauchi/gallery/unity/art/gal-l/unity-1.jpg, http://www.caravan.net/yayu/yamauchi/gallery/unity/art/gal-l/unity-1.jpg

http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=www.pcnw.org/images/photos/0201_weegee.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.pcnw.org/gallery/past.html&h=365&w=302&sz=33&tbnid=y9uZntNtjPcJ:&tbnh=117&tbnw=97&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dfamous%2Bphotographic%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26ie%3DUTF-8%26oe%3DUTF-8%26sa%3DG.

 

Creating a subjective mix of Harmony and Variety can create unity.  Harmony is exemplified by all the elements

 of the composition fitting well together.  Repetition of one or more of the 5 elements of art  (line, shapes,

values, textures, and color) contributes to interesting composition.  Two images to the left represent harmony.

  The left one is an under water photograph.  The second one is a manipulated fractal. The two to the right are

fine examples of repetition.

           

SOURCES: http://www.youknow.com/laine/art/marine/harmony.jpg, http://www.synthart.com/images/fractals/harmony.jpg. http://ia.hcs.ohiou.edu/courses/hcia201/winter2001/woodburn_j/assignment%202/repetition.jpg, http://www.collingwoodgallery.com.au/Artists_images/2002/Benflora/Repetition.jpg.

 

Variety of the sizes and shapes of the 5 elements of art also add dynamic interest as shown in the 2 images, below

and left.  When elements or art and design are repeated at regular intervals, a visual Rhythm is created.  If the

elements are repeated at precise intervals and are decorative, a Pattern is created.  Patterns are found everywhere,

both in nature, 3rd image below, and in man-made pipes stacked in the last photo.  One of the most common

types of patterns is called a tessellation, which covers an entire surface and is typically seen in mosaics. 

            

SOURCES: http://www.bradyworld.com/cards/variety.jpg, http://www.clicknetoz.com/daffodil/images/variety.jpg, http://www.forwolves.org/ralph/wpages/graphics/tosibsn-veg-pattern.jpg, http://kartzlee.hp.infoseek.co.jp/sanpo/pattern-pipe1.jpg.

 

Composition is a complex issue and involves more principles of design.  In many ways it is subjective and depends

upon how the person sees.  In other ways, it is objective because you know when you look at something whether

or not the composition achieves harmony.  One rule survives which is almost absolute.  If a design of the

photograph, in an abstract sense when all elements are weighed and judged, looks good from all directions,

it will achieve harmony.

                       

 SOURCE:  http://www.photocollect.com/jpegs/jeffrey_pine.jpg.

 

 An important compositional element of design, which helps to create overall harmony, is Balance or having

elements on either side of the design.  This juxtaposition of design has its musical equivalent in counterpoint. 

Having odd numbers of elements of design, which are similar in character often produces a more satisfying

balance than even numbers.  Formal Balance is balance that is or almost Bilaterally Symmetrical or Mirrored

Each half is reversed.  A Valentine heart and Greek temple facades are examples.  Informal Balance means that

the two halves of the design are not the same and elements of the design are Asymmetrical or Random in

placement. 

 

CLASS WORK ASSIGNMENT:

 

PREPARATORY PROCEDURE BEFORE STARTING TO WORK ON AN IMAGE:

1.  BACK UP ALL COURSE WORK  DAILY FROM YOUR COMPUTER.

2.  Size your image.  In the top Photoshop menu go to IMAGE/IMAGE SIZE.  Under Width and Height make

certain that the image is 7.5" x 10" in any direction.  ALL MOUNTED COURSE PHOTOS WILL BE 7.5" X 10".

3.  EVERY PHOTO PRINTED FOR EACH ASSIGNMENT MUST BE RESIZED TO 2" X 3" (vertical) OR 3" X 2" (horizontal) AND SAVED IN A SEPARATE FOLDER for your web gallery final exam.

4.  YOU ALSO NEED TO SAVE ALL WRITTEN INVENTORIES to a file of your choice FOR YOUR WEB GALLERY FINAL .

 

 

 

1.  JOURNAL

    1.1.  Find 4 examples of good composition.  Find 4 examples of poor composition. 

Write a small paragraph under each describing why each is good or bad.  Put them in your journal under the

“DP 7-COMPOSITION” title page.

    1.2.  Locate magazine images representing balance in photography in each of the following categories:  2 formal balance (symmetrical), and  informal balance (asymmetrical).  Place them beneath the good and bad composition pix.

   

2.  PHOTOGRAPHY & PHOTOSHOP:

    2.1.  Make a contact sheet, submit for grading.

    2.2. Print 2 shots from the assignment.

2.3.  In photoshop change 3 of the composition images using multiple filters.  Print your favorite manipulated image.

 

IMAGE 1- FILTERS IN PS MENU.  In here you will find many filters which change the character of ONE image.  You must use multiple filters too, one on top of another.  Check into cool websites that will help you with ideas for Photoshop filters at:  http://www.eyewire.com/tips/photoshop/ http://www.arraich.com/filters/aaintro.htmhttp://www.graphic-design.com/Photoshop/, or type in the key words "PHOTOSHOP TRICKS" OR PHOTOSHOP FILTER TRICKS" for more.           

    IMAGE 2-IMAGE/ADJUSTMENTS check into such manipulations as COLOR BALANCE, CURVES, INVERT, EQUALIZE, POSTERIZE, EDIT/TRANSFORM, etc.

    

    IMAGE 3-TWO OR MORE FILTERS from any SOURCE.

    Keep track of what you do with filters by writing down as you go along.  You will want to put these filter formulas in your written inventory so you will be able to reproduce the affect at a later time.

 

3.  PRESENTATION

        Mat, sign, write 3 different inventories for the assignment and affix them to the backs of each mounted photograph. You can link onto the WRITTEN INVENTORY preparation page here.

 

 

CLASS WORK ASSIGNMENT:

    1.  PORTRAIT IN A PAINTING:  Create a self portrait in an existing WELL-KNOWN and PUBLISHED photograph, painting or sculpture created by a famous artist.  Use a large enough file reproduction that is MORE THAN 80k in Google Images.  100++k is far better.  There is to be NO PIXILATION ON THE assignment so make sure it's blown up before you begin.  You might have to find a photo from a book or a postcard to scan rather than downloading it from Internet.

1.1. The portrait must be no smaller than 7.5" square or no larger then 7.5" x 10.5". 

        1.2.  The sample below is the original, a painting by 19th century Frenchman, Dominique Ingres.  To the right is IHA '04 grad April Ness in the painting.  A digital photo was taken and without changing the value, put on as a layer atop the painting.  Notice how the new head is too dark for the light source the the body of the woman.   In the middle image, the woman's face was selected, removed.  April's head was put behind the painting. Then the contrast, brightness and color were altered to match the painting.  Notice how the color lacks shadow at the right of the face?  In the fourth study, once layers were merged, the smudge tool was used to produce a shadow on the face and a highlight at the top of the forehead.  YES, you may do a funny face self portrait or any other imaginative thing you wish so long as most of the painting's integrity remains in tact so it can be recognized. 

 

                                      

 

SOURCE:  http://www2.neweb.ne.jp/wd/tomoworld/coffeebreak/ingres.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

HOMEWORK SHOOTING GOAL:

1.       Demonstrate your visual recognition of scenes that show unity, harmony, repetition, variety of sizes and shapes, rhythm, pattern and tessellation, images balanced from all directions, formal and informal balance.

 

 

HOMEWORK SHOOTING ASSIGNMENT:

1.       Locate 3 scenes, which demonstrates unity, harmony, repetition, variety of sizes and shapes of elements in the composition, rhythm, and pattern and tessellation.  Take pictures of each scene, one where the center of interest is in the center of the frame, the other where the center of interest used The Rule of Thirds. 

2.     Let your main subject FILL THE FRAME.  Get close up or use a zoom if you have appropriate lenses.  

2.      Use interesting composition.  Keep the center of interest away from the center of the picture.  Use the Rule of Thirds.  NO FLASH!

3.       Let the photographs have meaning, say something. Ask yourself, “What is my intent?  Why am I shooting this image?  What do I want to convey to people who see the printed image?

4.       Shoot outdoors.

5.       Prints:  3, 2 of which show your best use of composition.  1 Centered Image, 1 Rule of Thirds, 1 either Centered or Rule of Thirds, 1 of which is from your Photoshop filter experiment. Photoshop filters should show creativity while still maintaining the integrity of the photograph. 

 

 

 

HOMEWORK SHOT LIST:

You may shoot your pictures in any order.  Check off what you’ve shot in the spaces below:

_____   2 pix each of 3 scenes

 

_____  Unity Centered                                        _____  Unity Rule of Thirds

_____  Harmony Centered                                    _____  Harmony Rule of Thirds

_____  Repetition Centered                                  _____  Repetition Rule of Thirds

_____  Variety of Sizes and Shapes Centered

                                                          _____ Variety of Sizes and Shapes

                                                                           Rule of Thirds

_____  Rhythm Centered                                     _____  Rhythm Rule of Thirds

_____  Pattern and Tessellation Centered 

                                                                      _____  Pattern and Tessellation Rule of Thirds

                                                                        

 _____  _____ Pictures that look balanced from all directions

_____  _____  Bilaterally Symmetrical, Mirrored or Formal Balance

_____  _____  Asymmetrical, Random, or Informal Balance