Basketball is a game where players try to “shoot” a round inflated ball through a raised basket.
It is played on a court by two teams of five players
Points are made by shooting a ball through a 10’ high metal hoop and net at the opponent’s end of the court.
Standard basketballs are orange to brown in color with an outer cover of leather, synthetic leather or rubber and a pebbled surface for grip and control. A men’s regulation ball is 29.5 to 30 inches in circumference and 20 to 22 oz in weight. A women’s regulation ball is 28.5 to 29 inches in circumference and 18 to 20 oz in weight.
The game involves two five-player teams that play both offense and defense.
Games begin with a jump ball at center court.
The basic offensive skills of basketball are passing, ball handling, shooting, and rebounding.
The basic defensive skills include guarding opponents, blocking and positioning to defend the basket, using quickness to intercept or steal the ball, and rebounding missed shots.
The game is played on a rectangular court which consists of two endlines, two sidelines, a mid court line, and two “keys” where free throws are shot.
Regulation high school games consist of four (4) eight minute quarters. College games consist of two (2) 20 minute halves.
Scoring consists of two (2) points for a field goal and three (3) points for a field goal from outside the 20’ line. Free throws are one (1) point each.
Fouls are called when illegal contact is committed between either a defensive or offensive player. Each player is allowed five (5) fouls before disqualification.
Violations are minor rules that are broken resulting in possession going to the opposition. These violations include travelling with the ball, illegal dribbling, kicking or punching the ball or sending it out of play (out of bounds).
1. Point Guard (1)
a. Usually smallest player
b. Excellent ball-handler and passer
c. Directs the team’s offensive plays
2. Shooting Guard (2)
a. Skilled long range shooter
b. Shares outside duties with point guard
3. Small Forward (3)
a. Usually more agile of the two forwards.
b. Vital skill is the ability to shoot the medium range shot.
4. Power Forward (4)
a. Larger of the two forwards
b. Skills require shooting the medium range shot and lay-ups
5. Center (5)
a. Usually the tallest player
b. Plays with “back to the basket” or low post offensively
c. Vital defensive skill is rebounding
1. Air ball - a shot that misses the basket and backboard
2. Assist - a pass to a player who is able to score
3. Bank shot – a shot that rebounds off the backboard and into the basket
4. Bounce pass – a pass that hits the floor before reaching the player
5. Cut – a quick move by an offensive player in an effort to be open for a pass
6. Dribble – to bounce the ball , either in place or while moving , with either the right or left hand.
7. Drive – an aggressive dribble to the basket
8. Free throw – an undefended shot from the free throw line awarded after a personal or technical foul
9. Lay-up – Basic close-in shot, one handed against the backboard and into the basket
10. Man-to-man – defensive system where each player guards an opposing player
11. Out-of-bounds – off the court (official boundary)
12. Overtime – an additional 3 or 5 minute period to decide a game tied at the end of regulation time
13. Rebound – the ball bouncing off the backboard or basket after a missed shot and the act of catching the ball or tipping it to a team-mate
14. Steal – to gain possession either by taking the ball from a dribbling player or by cutting off a pass
15. Three seconds – the time allowed an offensive player to occupy the opposition’s key
16. Triple-threat – basic basketball stance which allows the player to shoot, pass or dribble
17. Turnover – to lose possession of the ball
18. Zone defense – a defensive system where a player is responsible for defending a section of the court rather than a specified player