·          Field hockey was introduced to the United States in 1901 by an English woman, Constance Applebee.

·         When playing field hockey the purpose is to move the ball up the field and hit or push the ball into the opposing goal cage by using hockey sticks.

·         Players may hit the ball using only the flat side and edge of the hockey stick.

·         Goal keepers are the only players permitted to use their hands or feet to control or move the hockey ball while protecting their team’s goal.

·         A regulation game has two (2) 35 minute playing periods.  In tournament events, if the score is tied at the end of regulation play, the teams play two (2) 15 minute overtime periods.

·         At halftime intermission, teams change ends of the field.

·         Each goal scored counts as one point when the ball is hit or pushed completely into the goal cage.

·         A team consists of a goal keeper and 10 field players (11 total ) and each player except the goal keeper must be proficient at both offense and defense.  Players can move anywhere on the field.

·         A regulation hockey field is 100 yards long and 60 yards wide.

·         The field is divided by three (3) lines, the centerline (50 yard line) and two (2) 25 yard lines.

·         The shooting circle is a semicircle 16 yards from the outer edge of both goal posts.

·         A field hockey goal is 4 yards in width and 7 feet from the ground

·         A field hockey ball is similar in size to a baseball.

·         A field hockey stick is 36-38 inches in length and 18-20 ounces in weight and has a “right face” or rounded side (cannot use to hit ball) and “left face” or flat side which is referred to the as the “playing surface” of the stick.  The goalie stick is different than the position player stick.

·         The major field hockey fouls include the following:

o   Play the ball with the “right face” of the stick.

o   Play in game without your own stick.

o   Play the ball above the shoulder with any part of the stick.

o   Lift the stick above your head.

o   Play the ball wildly or in a dangerous manner.

o   Hit, shove, kick, trip or hold another player’s stick or clothing.

o   Throw any object onto the field.

o   Stop the ball with the hand or intentionally stop, or propel the ball in any manner other than with your stick.

o   Intentionally raise the ball with your stick.

o   Obstruct a player from playing the ball.

o   Delay the game by wasting time.


·         Hockey players who break the rules are penalized with a free hit, penalty corner, or penalty stroke.

·         The game is started and restarted after a goal is scored or the start of the second half with a pass off from the center of the field.

·         Each goal counts as one point.  The ball has to pass completely over the goal line between the goal posts and under the crossbar to be a goal.